What Is Water Boarding?
Waterboarding, also called water torture, simulated drowning, interrupted drowning, and controlled drowning, method of torture in which water is poured into the nose and mouth of a victim who lies on his back on an inclined platform, with his feet above his head. As the victim’s sinus cavities and mouth fill with water, his gag reflex causes him to expel air from his lungs, leaving him unable to . Nov 02, · Waterboarding, long considered a form of torture by the United States, produces a gag reflex and makes the victim believe death is imminent. The technique leaves no .
By: Julia Layton. In OctoberAttorney General nominee Michael Mukasey drew criticism for his refusal to characterize water boardinga controversial interrogation technique considered by many to be illegal, as torture.
Mukasey, a retired federal judge nominated by President Bush, dodged the question in his confirmation hearing by the Senate Judiciary Committee, stating that "if [water boarding] amounts to torture, it is not constitutional," but never explicitly condemning it [source: NPR ].
His response prompted several senators on the committee to declare that they would oppose Mukasey's nomination as Attorney General unless he denounced water boarding as a form of torture. Nevertheless, Mukasey was confirmed and served under President Bush. Mukasey's nomination wasn't the first time the Bush administration faced controversy over what it considered appropriate interrogation techniques of terror suspects.
In an October radio interview, Vice President Dick Cheney was asked if a "dunk in the water" was an acceptable form of prisoner interrogation. When he answered in the affirmative, many people took that to be an endorsement of water boarding. Human rights groups immediately seized what kind of cat am i test the statement as indicating support for torture, and Cheney's spokespeople released statements saying that Cheney was not endorsing water boarding when he made that remark.
Water boarding has been around for centuries. It was a common interrogation technique during the Italian Inquisition of the s and was used perhaps most famously in Cambodian prisons during the reign of the Khmer Rouge regime during the s.
As late as Novemberwater boarding was on the CIA 's list of approved "enhanced interrogation techniques" intended for use against high-value terror suspects. And according to memos released by the U. Department of Justice in Aprilwater boarding was among 10 torture techniques authorized for the interrogation of an al-Qaida operative. In a nutshell, water boarding makes a person feel like he or she is drowning.
Water boarding as it is currently described involves strapping a person to an inclined board, with their feet raised and their what is water- boarding torture lowered.
The interrogators bind the person's arms and legs so no movement is possible and cover the person's face. In some descriptions, the person is gagged, and some sort of cloth covers the nose and mouth; in others, the face is wrapped in cellophane.
The what is water- boarding torture then repeatedly pours water onto the person's face. Depending on the exact setup, the water may or may not actually get into the person's mouth and nose; but the physical experience of being underneath a wave of water seems to be secondary to the psychological experience. The person's mind believes they are drowning, and the gag reflex kicks in as if they were choking on all that water falling on their face. CIA members who've undergone water boarding as part of their training have lasted an average of 14 seconds before begging to be released.
The Navy SEALs once used the technique in their counter-interrogation training, but they stopped because the trainees could not survive it without breaking, which was bad for morale. Anonymous CIA sources report that Mohammed's interrogators were how to see battery percentage on iphone 5. Many CIA officials see water boarding as a poor interrogation method because it scares the prisoner so much you can't trust anything he tells you.
Human rights groups agree unanimously that "simulated drowning," causing the prisoner to believe he is about to die, is undoubtedly a form of psychological torture.
The international community recognizes "mock executions" as a form of torture, and many place water boarding in that category. Ina Japanese soldier who used water boarding against a U. In Septemberthe Bush administration faced widespread criticism regarding its refusal to sign a congressional bill outlawing the use of torture techniques against all U.
That how to get sweat odor out of laundry month, the U. Department of Defense made it illegal for any member of the U. However, inPresident Barack Obama signed an executive order that banned all government employees, including CIA agents, from using torture and restricted them to noncoercive interrogation techniques. What Is Water Boarding? Protesters demonstrate water boarding to volunteer Maboud Ebrahim Zadeh, Nov.
The demonstration was protesting the nomination of Michael Mukasey for Attorney General. How Effective Is Water Boarding? Vietnam, A U. Photo Courtesy United Press International. When is torture legal? Was there a covert CIA prison system? One of the top secret torture memos released in April WashingtonPost.
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Dec 02, · Waterboarding, as practised by the CIA, involves strapping down a detainee, covering their face with a cloth and then pouring water over the nose and mouth to create a terrifying sensation . Dec 31, · Waterboarding is a favorite torture method, because it does not leave visible and apparent lesions. The worst scars are in the mind. Human Rights . Jan 20, · Waterboarding is a form of torture that involves the use of water to coerce a prisoner or detainee into a confession. The victim is tied to an inclined board that positions the head lower than the feet. A piece of cloth is then secured over the victim’s face.
Waterboarding is a form of torture that involves the use of water to coerce a prisoner or detainee into a confession. The victim is tied to an inclined board that positions the head lower than the feet. Water is poured over the cloth, and the victim begins to experience difficulty breathing. Waterboarding proves particularly effective in that fear of asphyxiation often leads the victim to panic and beg for the torture to cease. Routine interrogations that normally may take days produce results in minutes when waterboarding is used.
There are variations on waterboarding methods. Sometimes, plastic wrap is used. No matter what the method, waterboarding has both a physical and psychological component. Once the person begins to experience difficulty breathing and the gag reflex kicks in, the individual truly believes that he or she is going to die. The victim believes that death is imminent and that intense fear breaks down his or her resistance. Ironically, actual drowning during waterboarding torture is rare due to the fact that the position of the lungs in relation to the head prevents enough water from filling the lungs.
But waterboarding can cause serious injury. A victim can suffer brain damage due to lack of oxygen and there can be damage to the lungs. The psychological after-effects can be even more devastating. Waterboarding dates back to the Italian Inquisition in the s, and has been used ever since.
In the U. Army major was found guilty of using waterboarding to torture a Philippine insurgent. The major was sentenced to ten years as punishment. During the Vietnam War, waterboarding was used on North Vietnamese prisoners, and in one case, a soldier was court-martialed and discharged from the U.
Army after photographs of him applying the torture appeared in the Washington Post. In fact, CIA agents, who are required to undergo waterboarding as part of their training, normally cannot endure more than 40 seconds of the torture. The U. Government does not officially condone waterboarding as an interrogation method, however. In , commanders at Guantanamo requested permission to use waterboarding on detainees. Permission was denied. In an October interview with the conservative journal Human Events , U.
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