Joint All Domain Effects Convergence: Evolving C2 Teams
Apr 16, · IT/OT convergence in manufacturing drives Industry and uses the data from IT to inform or influence the actions of OT, the technology used in physical operations such as robots, industrial control systems and sensors. Organizations can also generate data from OT infrastructure that IT networks analyze to produce insights. Any data analysis that influences changes in a workflow . Mar 25, · OT and IT convergence is an important phenomenon, and platform thinking is a useful addition to organizing a company to drive this modern phenomenon. Peter Bendor-Samuel.
Back in Gartner advised IT leaders to prepare for the transition of their organizations to the converging, aligning and integrating of IT and OT environments. Today it is the cornerstone of Industry 4. Of the previously mentioned markets Wwhat and OT integration is, for instance, key in building management in the age of IoT.
As you probably know the role of IT and of the CIO has been changing for quite some years now with discussions on multiple forms of IT such as bimodal IT as Gartner calls it and the business role of the IT chiefamong others due to the famous increase of IT spending by divisions other than IT itself. OT stands for Operational Technology. Think about all those high-tech machines on the factory floor, your fleet of trucks and anything that has four or more wheels and is used for highly technical purposes, drills, industrial robots where the integration of IT and OT is key convergnce the Internet of Robotic Thingswhatever how to make a custom twitter header in the context of your operational business and industrial activities and assets.
In many businesses with lots of heavy machinery or other forms of OT, CIOs and IT departments will often be closely involved because of the critical o of all that iit, de facto technological convergence and integration with the network being a first driver when many of these industrial assets started being seen as less stand alone than before and the ways OT is being looked upon from the same view as IT in regards with, for instance, security.
Still, in some areas the distinction is clear. But, as said, the lines between both covnergence blur and the Internet of Things is no stranger to that evolution.
We already mentioned some industries manufacturing, utilities with, among others smart grid but also think logisticssmart buildingsand miningto name a few. When looking for an image and as way of an example we found this blog postinfographic and study by Siemens in the utility space where Siemens identifies cost and interoperability are the biggest challenges in the convergence of IT and OT but where the need to get IT and OT out of their separate and traditional silos in order to reap the benefits of advanced metering and how to put downloaded music on zune grid systems is stressed.
Now, how does the Internet of Things come into the picture? In a post, on the advent of the DX economywe looked at some predictions by IDC for and beyond ahat beyond convrrgence that DX or digital transformation economy. That is probably not a surprise. As we are talking information, networks, connectivity, data, ecosystems and apps, we are talking Ie, especially as all this connectivity and certainly, data and information IT still stands congergence Information Technology needs to be managed, secured, stored, processed, routed, leveraged and so on.
In many industries IT and OT convergence already happens since quite some time oil and gas is just one of the many, on top of the previously mentioned onesyet in practice it remains a challenge in IIoT developments. Gartner also stressed how the key change for CIOs may be that their role moves from leading the IT delivery organization to leading the exploitation of the business assets of processes, information and relationships whzt all technologies in the enterprise — IT or OT, whether delivered, what is the best electric heater for large rooms, or managed by the formal IT organization or elsewhere.
As the cohvergence says, that convergence challenge is not just one of technologies but also about new ways of thinking, which tends to be a challenge indeed when two different worlds, which have worked separately and with completely different systems, technologies and vendors, have to collide in the context of IIoT and the Industrial Internet.
Top image purchased under license from Shutterstock. Industry 4. Sign in. Convvergence your password? Get help. Password recovery. Convergence of IT and OT is about convergejce, standards and a new it of thinking. With IT and OT converging, the scope of CIO authority may cater to the needs of planning and coordinating a new generation of operational technologies alongside existing oh and administration-focused IT systems Gartner.
Utilities are realizing that to reap the full benefits of advanced metering and smart grid systems, IT and OT must work together Lisa Caswell, Siemens.
The convergence of IT and OT also requires a different way of thinking.
IT and OT: a distinction that decreasingly is one
IT/OT convergence is also creating a paradigm shift in factory maintenance. Planned preventive maintenance schedules rule the day in most manufacturing settings. Operations teams perform preventive maintenance on a regular schedule to lessen the likelihood of equipment breakdowns. This approach requires a plant to maintain a. In the meantime here is a quote from Gartner’s mentioned press release on the convergence of IT and OT: “With IT and OT converging, the scope of CIO authority may cater to the needs of planning and coordinating a new generation of operational technologies alongside existing information- and administration-focused IT systems”. Apr 05, · The introduction of edge technologies such as IIoT and edge AI pave the way for IT-OT convergence—offering innovation advantage to the business. Combined with .
Skipping words when reading or copying written work, noticing details about things, reversing letters and numbers, poor eye-hand coordination or being a little clumsy, difficulty with reading comprehension…these are just SOME of the ways that vision impacts functional tasks in kids.
Here you will find specific strategies and vision activities that help kids build and develop the underlying areas that impact independence. These vision activities are outlined by area that they improve, or those underlying skills that therapists work on so that kids can be independent in thins like catching a ball, writing on the lines, building puzzles, and so many other tasks. Vision activities can sometimes be the missing piece to vision problems that we see in kids.
Therapists often times working with kids with known or suspected visual perceptual or visual motor concerns, visual acuity issues, or other visual processing needs. Teachers often have students that struggle with reading, copying, handwriitng, comprehension, attention, or focus. Parents may have a child with a known vision issue or have a gut feeling about visual processing concerns.
Here is more information on visual processing and handwriting. There are many concerns therapists have when it comes to vision needs in kids. Therapists need a quick screen to help identify the visual difficulties Rather than taking the extended time to work through several lengthy assessments, there is a time for evaluation, but a quick screening can pinpoint which strategy to take next. Having quick activities to either do before or after an OT session, or to hand off to parents for home occupational therapy activities is a need for OTs.
Similarly, quick vison activities that build on those underlying areas and are not disruptive to the class are sometimes needed. One of the main difficulties in the classroom is the impact vision has on learning.
Kids struggle with visual stimulation and the inability to stay focused for any length of time due to visually processing so much information around us. Handwriting is another reason to take a look at vision. Many kiddos have difficulties keeping letters aligned on a baseline, or even knowing where to place letters on a blank sheet of paper.
So many kids cannot visually attend to an object to even assess tracking. They will look past the tracking object and say they are looking at it or look at it for seconds and their eyes dart in another direction. How many children have you seen that have not had the capability to maintain visual contact with an object for a sustained amount of time? When this occurs, reading and handwriting can be a real problem? There is an overlap in interventions between vision therapy and occupational therapy.
So often, these two professions intervene in those vision activities that address the very areas kids struggle in:. They require visual and verbal cues to refer back to the sample and often can only recall and copy one letter at a time. Before we cover various vision activities, we will go over the vision definitions for terms that relate to all things vision.
Visual Motor Integration- Visual motor integration includes the overarching umbrella that contains several areas, including visual perception, visual processing skills, and eye-hand coordination. The integration of these areas enables the eyes to perceive information through the vision functions described in further below and process information, resulting coordinated hand and body motor actions in order to complete a task.
Visual motor integration includes a perceptual component that allows for copying of letters and positioning of objects based on perceptual input. Here are visual motor skills activities. Visual Motor Activity Letter Ladder.
Visual Motor Bilateral Coordination Activity. Visual Motor Activities. Eye-Hand Coordination- This eye and hand skill allows an individual to catch a ball, hit a target, or complete other motor actions based on visual information. Development of eye-hand coordination occurs from birth and continues as kids develop more physical skills.
Here is an easy eye-hand coordination activity. Eye-Hand Coordination Activities for Preschoolers. Eye-Hand Coordination Activities using Paper. Eye-Hand Coordination Activity with Tongs. Eye-Hand Coordination Letter Match. Hand-Eye Coordination Activity for Preschool. Jumbo Fine Motor Threading Activity — Threading and lacing is a great way to work on hand eye coordination.
Eye-hand coordination activity with letters — Sorting, manipulating, and organizing small items can be a way to boost skills with coordination exercises. Feather Beading — Threading beads onto feathers is a creative and fun way to improve eye hand coordination skills.
Vision Functions- This includes the actions and abilities of the eyes that allow information to be perceived.
Visual functions include visual tracking, visual convergence, divergence, saccadic eye movements, depth perception, nystagmus, disassociated eye movements, eye positioning, teaming, and eye dominance.
Here are visual scanning activities. Visual Tracking Exercises. Visual Tracking Activities with Cardboard Tubes. Marble Run Visual Tracking Activity. Here are games for visual tracking. Visual Convergence Activities. Maze Visual Convergence Activity. Bubble Wrap Maze Activity. Here is more information on convergence efficiency. Saccades and Learning. Visual Saccades Activities. Depth Perception Information and Activities.
Visual perception is our ability to make sense of what we see. Visual perceptual skills are essential for everything from navigating our world to reading, writing, and manipulating items. Visual perception is made up of a complex combination of various skills and systems, including sensory processing, visual attention.
These visual perceptual skills are necessary together and in coordination with one another in order for use to see information and use that visual information to create responses or react with functional abilities like movement or processing. When visual perceptual skills are delayed or impaired, other areas can suffer, including: learning, social, emotional, self-regulation, behavior, attention, organization, concentration, self-esteem, etc.
Visual Perceptual Skills make up an important component of visual motor skills. Sub-components include: visual memory, form constancy, visual spatial relationships, visual attention, visual sequential memory, visual figure-ground, and visual closure. Tangrams Activities for Visual Perception. Wacky Wednesday Visual Perception Activity. Apple Visual Perception Activity. Free Visual Perceptual Skills Worksheets. Visual Perception Slide Deck. Spring Visual Perception Activities. Here are strategies for visual perception and handwriting.
Here are toys and games to improve visual perception. This skill allows us to recall visual information. When completing hidden picture puzzles, kids visually store images of items they are looking for when scanning to locate a specific shape or image.
This skill is necessary for handwriting tasks when copying information from a source, such as lists of words, homework lists, and copying sentences.
Here is more information and activities for visual memory. Visual Memory Activities. Memory Sensory Tray for Letters. Goodnight Moon Memory Game. Form Constancy — This skill allows us to visually recognize objects no matter their orientation. When completing a hidden picture puzzle, children can recognize the missing object whether it is upside down or sideways.
Here are fun ways to work on form constancy. Form Constancy with Tangrams. Sponge Tangrams for Form Constancy. Finding a red square among the pile of foam pieces is one fun way to work on this area of visual perception. Baby Ice and Bath. Bottle cap letters. Letter Bin. Sight word sensory bin. Rainbow sensory bins.
I Spy sight word sensory bottle. Real toy I Spy game. Finger dexterity exercise. Figure ground sight word hunt. Visual Figure Ground Activities. Visual Spatial Relationships- This visual perceptual skill allows us to recognize and understand the relationships of objects within the environment and how they relate to one another. Here are activities to improve spatial relations. What are Spatial Relations? Spatial Relations Development Activities for Babies.
Spatial Awareness Tools for Handwriting.