How to Perform a Windows XP Repair Install
May 02, †Ј Repair the Windows Installation from the Recovery Console Boot from a standard Windows XP Install CD (not a Network Install CD). At the first setup screen, hit R to repair Windows using the Recovery Console. Select the Windows installation that you would like to repair by entering its number, followed by Enter. Nov 14, †Ј To begin the Windows XP repair process, you will need to boot from the Windows XP CD. First, watch for a Press any key to boot from CD message similar to the one shown in the screenshot above. Once you see it, press a key to force the computer to boot from the Windows CD.
Fortunately, there is a solution to fix this error, which you can read below:. This causes your system to become highly unreliable, as it prevents it from using a particular piece of hardware which has the defective driver. This now might qindow appear if you have corrupted system files or damaged hardware. This is for advanced users who know how to install XP. You will need the installation disc for this to make sure that you can reinstall XP on your system.
You should proceed with caution past this point as changing the wrong BIOS setting could seriously compromise your system:. The registry windoww a big database which Windows relies on to run.
It stores what is another word for rust ranging from your latest emails, desktop wallpaper and even your hardware settings.
The registry is a vital part of XP but is also a big cause of the Stop 0xA error. The registry stores a lot of hardware references which XP needs in order to run. This can cause the Stop 0xA error as XP will be unable to read the hardware references that your system has. Cleaning the registry with a registry cleaner can be one of the most effective ways to boost the reliability of your XP machine. You can download our recommended XP registry cleaner below:. Tags: 0xA error fix stop.
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This guide shows you how to fix blue screen of death errors (or BSoD errors) for Windows XP. To repair hard drive errors, considering Windows XP chkdsk is recommended. ItТs a good habit running chkdsk in Windows XP, so that you can backup yourself for the corruption in advance. It must be used to check the hard drive and system files for errors. Many times your computer system becomes less responsive, slow or sometimes even freezes. Try to isolate which adapter or hardware device is causing the error. After you reinstall Windows XP, reconnect each adapter or hardware device one at a time. Restart your computer after you reconnect each.
If your computer powers up okay, but the Windows XP operating system won't boot properly, you have some troubleshooting ahead of you. Here's a look at the likely culprits and what you can do to fix the problem.
When your computer hardware appears to power up okay, but the Windows XP operating system won't boot properly, you have to begin a troubleshooting expedition that includes getting into the operating system, determining the problem, and then fixing it.
To help you get started on this expedition, here are 10 things you can do when Windows XP won't boot. This entry was originally published as an article on January 26, One of the first things you should reach for when troubleshooting a Windows XP boot problem is a Windows startup disk. This floppy disk can come in handy if the problem is being caused when either the startup record for the active partition or the files that the operating system uses to start Windows have become corrupted.
To create a Windows startup disk, insert a floppy disk into the drive of a similarly configured, working Windows XP system, launch My Computer, right-click the floppy disk icon, and select the Format command from the context menu.
When you see the Format dialog box, leave all the default settings as they are and click the Start button.
Once the format operation is complete, close the Format dialog box to return to My Computer, double-click the drive C icon to access the root directory, and copy the following three files to the floppy disk:. After you create the Windows startup disk, insert it into the floppy drive on the afflicted system and press [Ctrl][Alt][Delete] to reboot the computer.
When you boot from the Windows startup disk, the computer will bypass the active partition and boot files on the hard disk and attempt to start Windows XP normally. You can also try to boot the operating system with the Last Known Good Configuration feature.
This feature will allow you to undo any changes that caused problems in the CurrentControlSet registry key, which defines hardware and driver settings. The Last Known Good Configuration feature replaces the contents of the CurrentControlSet registry key with a backup copy that was last used to successfully start up the operating system.
When you see the message Please select the operating system to start or hear the single beep, press [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options menu. Keep in mind that you get only one shot with the Last Known Good Configuration feature.
In other words, if it fails to revive your Windows XP on the first attempt, the backup copy is also corrupt. System Restore runs in the background as a service and continually monitors system-critical components for changes. When it detects an impending change, System Restore immediately makes backup copies, called restore points, of these critical components before the change occurs. In addition, System Restore is configured by default to create restore points every 24 hours.
Now, select the Safe Mode item from the menu and press [Enter]. Then, follow along with the wizard to select a restore point and begin the restoration procedure. When a Windows XP boot problem is severe, you'll need to use a more drastic approach. So if there's a problem rooted in the Boot.
If you suspect that Windows XP won't boot because Boot. The partition boot sector is a small section of the hard disk partition that contains information about the operating system's file system NTFS or FAT32 , as well as a very small machine language program that is crucial in assisting the operating system as it loads. If you suspect that Windows XP won't boot because the partition boot sector has been corrupted, you can use a special Recovery Console tool called Fixboot to fix it.
The master boot record occupies the first sector on the hard disk and is responsible for initiating the Windows boot procedure. The master boot record contains the partition table for the disk as well as a small program called the master boot code, which is responsible for locating the active, or bootable, partition, in the partition table.
Once this occurs, the partition boot sector takes over and begins loading Windows. If the master boot record is corrupt, the partition boot sector can't do its job and Windows won't boot. If you suspect Windows XP won't boot because the master boot record has been corrupted, you can use the Recovery Console tool Fixmbr to fix it. For example, the device pathname format for a standard bootable drive C configuration would look like this:.
When Windows XP encounters a fatal error, the default setting for handling such an error is to automatically reboot the system. If the error occurs while Windows XP is booting, the operating system will become stuck in a reboot cycle--rebooting over and over instead of starting up normally. In that case, you'll need to disable the option for automatically restarting on system failure.
When Windows XP begins to boot up and you see the message Please select the operating system to start or hear the single beep, press [F8] to display the Windows Advanced Options Menu. Now, Windows XP will hang up when it encounters the error and with any luck, it will display a stop message you can use to diagnose the problem. If you can't seem to repair a Windows XP system that won't boot and you have a recent backup, you can restore the system from the backup media.
The method you use to restore the system will depend on what backup utility you used, so you'll need to follow the utility's instructions on how to perform a restore operation. If you can't repair a Windows XP system that won't boot and you don't have a recent backup, you can perform an in-place upgrade.
Doing so reinstalls the operating system into the same folder, just as if you were upgrading from one version of Windows to another. An in-place upgrade will usually solve most, if not all, Windows boot problems. This screen will prompt you to press R to repair the selected installation or to press [Esc] to install a fresh copy of Windows XP. In this case, initiating a repair operation is synonymous with performing an in-place upgrade, so you'll need to press R.
When you do so, Setup will examine the disk drives in the system. It will then begin performing the in-place upgrade. Keep in mind that after you perform an in-place upgrade or repair installation, you must reinstall all updates to Windows. Greg Shultz is a freelance Technical Writer. Previously, he has worked as Documentation Specialist in the software industry, a Technical Support Specialist in educational industry, and a Technical Journalist in the computer publishing industry. Once the format operation is complete, close the Format dialog box to return to My Computer, double-click the drive C icon to access the root directory, and copy the following three files to the floppy disk: Boot.
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