# How to teach equivalent fractions year 3

How to make teaching equivalent fractions a success

Jun 26,  · Thousands of parents and educators are turning to the kids’ learning app that makes real learning truly fun. Try Kids Academy with 3-day FREE TRIAL! https:/. In this Year 3 / P4 Maths article, learn how to simplify and find equivalent fractions.

Equivalent Fractions is a concept that is generally introduced in the 3rd grade. Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. Understand two fractions as equivalent equal if they are the same size, or the same point on a number line. Recognize and generate simple equivalent fractions, e. Explain why the fractions are equivalent, e. Express whole numbers as fractions, and recognize fractions that are equivalent to whole numbers.

Compare two fractions with the same numerator or the same denominator by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions.

Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e. The concept of equivalent fractions seems simple — just multiply the numerator and denominator by the same factor to get another fraction that is equivalent to the origin.

When teaching equivalence of fractions, teachers often start by stating the procedural rules. Not only is this not helping in the conceptual understanding of equivalent fractions, but introducing the topic in this way wastes a perfectly good opportunity for the students to exercise their logic reasoning and induction muscles and discover for themselves what equivalence means, which fractions are equivalent and how to find them.

Another better way is to use bar models or fraction strips. The fraction strip paper folding exercise which we first wrote about after a lesson study at a local school, is what we generally use to introduce the topic of equivalent fractions. First, have the students fold a paper strip in half and note that there are two equal parts. Then fold it again and note that now we have 4 equal parts. To read more about our experience using the fraction strip exercise, see our previous post here.

The next step is to transfer their knowledge to the number line see our previous post on the importance of understanding fractions on the number line. However, many students have problem visualizing equivalent fractions on the number line. Here again, the bar model or fraction strips will come in very handy.

In this way, it is very intuitive to see how the concepts of equivalent fractions can be transferred to the number line. The case of 1 is often overlooked by teachers, but the concept is so important. This simply refers to the fact that the whole number 1 is also made up of equivalent fractions, e. The concept is important when the students start to apply their knowledge of fractions in addition and subtraction and other fraction manipulations.

For example, in fraction subtraction, many students resort to converting the mixed fraction to an improper fraction before proceeding to subtract, and finally convert the resulting improper fraction back to mixed. Equivalent fractions is not always about multiply up. It is also important to learn that simplifying fractions to lower terms is also finding equivalent fractions. Fraction simplification is very important when it comes to fraction arithmetic add, subtractalgebra and general word problems.

Want to see a fun way to teach Equivalent Fractions using an interactive manipulative? Check out the Fraction Wheel App here. Equivalent fractions is such an important concept for students to understand, however under the pressure of time, it is sometimes tempting for teachers and parents to skip to procedural methods and not emphasize on conceptual understanding. However with some thoughts and design, the topic can be a fun way for students to discover more facts about fractions that they have not realized before and at the same time strengthen their confidence in fraction manipulations for the future.

For more fraction resources, refer to our main fractions page. Your email address will not be published. Skip to content Equivalent Fractions is a concept that is generally introduced in the 3rd grade. This is further extended in the 4th grade How to get cbs on digital antenna. NF : Extend understanding of fraction equivalence and ordering.

Logic Reasoning and Induction When teaching equivalence of fractions, teachers often start by stating the procedural rules. So, Equivalent Fractions Singapore Math Not only is this not helping in the conceptual understanding of equivalent fractions, but introducing the topic in this way wastes a perfectly good opportunity for the students to exercise their logic reasoning and induction muscles and discover for themselves what equivalence means, which fractions are equivalent and how to find them.

Equivalent Fractions Singapore Math First, have the students fold a paper strip in half and note that there are two equal parts. Without folding it again, ask the students how many equal parts do they think they will have if we were to fold the paper strip a third time. Some might guess 6, a natural progression from 2 and 4, while others learn how to draw elmo reason that the pattern is multiplying by two, not adding.

An example is shown below. Ask the following questions, and have a discussion with what movie is filming in boston right now class: What do you notice? Is there a pattern? Is there a rule? Extend the exercise to other fractions pictorially, using different shapes. Equivalent Fractions Singapore Math Here again, the bar model or fraction strips will come in very handy. Equivalent Fractions Singapore Math In this way, it is very intuitive to see how the concepts of equivalent fractions can be transferred to the number line.

The case of 1 The case of 1 is often overlooked by teachers, but the concept is so important. Fraction Simplification Equivalent fractions is not always about multiply up. TeachableApp Want to see a fun way to teach Equivalent Fractions using an interactive manipulative? Conclusion Equivalent fractions is such an important concept for students to understand, however under the pressure of time, it is sometimes tempting for teachers and parents to skip to procedural methods and not emphasize on conceptual understanding.

Equivalent Fractions

Jan 29,  · Equivalent fractions practice for 3rd Grade Do you teach equivalent fractions? Do you want to make teaching equivalent fractions a success for your students this year? This concept can be tough for kids. I want to show you below how I teach equivalent fractions to my 3rd grade students. Don’t forget to read all the Read More about How to make teaching equivalent fractions a success. Aug 26,  · Powerpoint presentation for equivalent fractions with starter and plenary. Children used fraction wall to find equivalent fractions.4/5(12). May 13,  · This Year 3 Equivalent Fractions maths lesson pack includes a teaching PowerPoint and differentiated varied fluency, and reasoning problem solving questions. The varied fluency resource is differentiated in three ways and includes a selection of different questions types.4/5(4).

These hands-on equivalent fraction activities will help you teach equivalent fractions to your students in fun and exciting ways. For some of our precious kiddos, this word makes them quiver in their sneakers and want to barf all over the desk. There are so many interactive, fun ways to learn and then practice fractions, I had to put a list together just for equivalent fractions.

You can download all of the printables that are mine the ones that have pictures in one place with my Equivalent Fraction Activities Bundle. We all know that hands-on instruction is the way to go for teaching math concepts. Teaching the way to solve the problem has its place, but understanding why those steps works are just important…and these equivalent fraction activities will help you teach this concept. Kids love food, and they understand food. When beginning your fraction unit why not pull out a Hershey bar or an orange.

It is a great way to not only teach what a fraction is, but also to introduce an equivalent fraction by having them share the food. A simple way to have students use fractional models to figure out equivalent fractions. Students take a model given and divide it up into equal parts. By the time they have worked through the first model they have found four equivalent fractions. This is very similar to the first interactive notebook, but this time instead of fractional models you get number lines.

I love giving children as many ways to see a concept as I can. You never know which way will make the light go off!!!! Again students need to see many different representations of fractions and how they are equivalent. Using Fraction Tiles the students work to figure out which fractions are equivalent.

That is the best type of learning. Number lines are a great way to build fraction sense, and they are also a fun way to teach equivalent fraction. While they are creating their number lines they are working on what numerators are, what denominators are, finding the LCM, and so much more. Pattern blocks are another great way to explore and learn about equivalent fractions.

These task cards are a great place to go after children have a basic understanding of equivalent fractions. They will definitely get your kiddos thinking and problem-solving, and quickly reveal any misconceptions. Our children love technology, and adding it to our teaching is a good thing as long as they are having real-life experiences in the classroom every day.

This site is a continuation of the previous activities. Children are recognizing fractional models and then using them to find equivalent fractions. Using visual models is a great way to build fraction sense, and helps children understand equivalent fractions better. This is a series that Math Geek Mama and I did together. It walks you through numerous ideas on helping children visualize fractions …not just memorize how to solve a problem.

After you have spent some time teaching, now students are ready to play or practice their new found knowledge. To reinforce what they have learned, try out some of these activities. These fraction dominoes have fractions, models, and number lines. Children can play a card by matching up two equivalent fractions, a fraction and model, a model and number line, etc. You can even get some fraction adding by having the children add up all the fractions left in their hand when another player goes out.

The person with the highest sum loses. This game is similar to Old Maid, but instead of an Old Maid you have a fraction man. If they have a match to the card they pulled they may lay it down in front of them. The game ends when all matches have been made and one person is left with the fraction man. The cards have fractions, fractional models, and number lines on them. It has been a long time since I have played spoons, but I remember it as a time of laughter and fun.

Add some fun and laughter to practicing fractions with this game by Games 4 Gains. Instead of pulling out a worksheet to assess students knowledge, gather them around you and have them solve the problems by placing clips on the equivalent fraction.

Many of the clip cards have two or three correct answers. This forces the children to really analyze the card before saying they have completed it. This game is very similar to Tic-Tac-Toe, just with a twist. The children must find the equivalent fraction to whatever space they want to cover up. If they choose the wrong fraction, they have to cover up the space that equals that fraction.

Since the game of Tic-Tac-Toe leaves little room for mistakes, a wrong move can end the game!! You can play with models, number lines, or both!! This bright, colorful board game by Deceptively Educational will get your kiddos figuring out what the missing numerator is so they can move around the board!

This game is similar to Go Fish — and children will love their quest to find pairs that are equivalent. Here are some other equivalent fraction activities you may be interested in!!! I hope you enjoy these equivalent fraction activities. There are so many fun ways to teach equivalent fractions and get your children engaged as they dive into this concept. Teaching with Food Kids love food, and they understand food. Interactive notebook for teaching equivalent fractions with models A simple way to have students use fractional models to figure out equivalent fractions.

Interactive notebook for teaching equivalent fractions with number lines. Fractions on a Number Line Number lines are a great way to build fraction sense, and they are also a fun way to teach equivalent fraction. Pattern Blocks Task Cards Pattern blocks are another great way to explore and learn about equivalent fractions. Equivalent fractions on the computer Our children love technology, and adding it to our teaching is a good thing as long as they are having real-life experiences in the classroom every day.

Fraction Dominoes These fraction dominoes have fractions, models, and number lines. Spoons It has been a long time since I have played spoons, but I remember it as a time of laughter and fun.

Clip Cards Instead of pulling out a worksheet to assess students knowledge, gather them around you and have them solve the problems by placing clips on the equivalent fraction. Missing Numerator Game This bright, colorful board game by Deceptively Educational will get your kiddos figuring out what the missing numerator is so they can move around the board! Fishing For Equivalent Fractions This game is similar to Go Fish — and children will love their quest to find pairs that are equivalent.

Teaching Equivalent Fractions with an Interactive Notebook. Share this: Click to share on Pinterest Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Tumblr Opens in new window Click to print Opens in new window Click to email this to a friend Opens in new window.

Like this: Like Loading Comments Oh how fun. Fractions can be difficult for some kids. This looks like a great way to teach them. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Ok No thanks!